The mission welcomed the recent statement by the Serbian Foreign Minister to the Security Council that UNMIK is the exclusive administrative authority in Kosovo and that resolution 1244 is the only legal framework, said Larry Rossin, the Secretary-General’s Deputy Special Representative, said.“However, this now places responsibility on Belgrade to avoid or avert any action that challenges this authority.”In his meeting with Slobodan Samardzic, Mr. Rossin emphasized that last week’s attack on and occupation of UNMIK’s District Court building in Mitrovica, as well as Serbian Railways continued use of the rail line, are violations of the mission’s exclusive mandate. He noted that such moves are at odds with Serbia’s direct assurances to the Council.The Deputy Special Representative urged Mr. Samardzic to immediate take measures to end these and other challenges to UNMIK’s authority and to refrain from making inflammatory public statements during his visit to Kosovo, which has been administered by the UN since Western forces drove out Yugoslav forces amid inter-ethnic fighting in 1999.Although both he and Special Representative Joachim Rücker are ready to enter into direct talks with Belgrade, recent developments create an unfavourable atmosphere for such discussions.“For dialogue to be potentially fruitful, we need the authorities in Belgrade to take effective steps to counter such challenges – before, during and after – whether unambiguous public statements, practical use of influence or cessation of direct improper intrusions,” Mr. Rossin said.Last month, the Assembly of Provisional Institutions of Self-Government in Kosovo – where ethnic Albanians outnumber Serbs and other minorities by nine to one – declared independence from Serbia, and since then both Mr. Rücker and Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon have underlined the need for restraint from all sides. 16 March 2008Meeting with Serbia’s Minister for Kosovo, a senior United Nations official today underscored that challenges – which violate Belgrade’s pledges to the Security Council – to the mandate of the world body’s mission, known as UNMIK, must come to an end.
20 October 2010The top United Nations official in Afghanistan today welcomed the publication of preliminary results of last month’s parliamentary elections, but cautioned that the electoral process is not over, with considerable fraud having been identified. More than 4 million voters took part in the 18 September elections for the Wolesi Jirga, or lower house of Afghanistan’s parliament, which were organized by the country’s Independent Election Commission (IEC). At least 2,500 candidates – including nearly 400 women – vied for the parliament’s 249 seats covering all 34 Afghan provinces, plus the Kuchi constituency.Staffan de Mistura, Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon’s Special Representative, recognized the IEC’s hard work to release the election results.He also commended the IEC for its significant improvements in managing the post-polling day process, noting that the body has detected irregularities and is committed to ensuring the process is transparent. Last year’s presidential elections, eventually won by incumbent President Hamid Karzai, were marred by widespread fraud.“The number of votes invalidated and identified by the IEC point to considerable fraud and electoral irregularities on election day,” Mr. de Mistura said in a statement.He emphasized that the electoral process is not over and the results are not yet final, and the Electoral Complaints Commission (ECC) must now wrap up its adjudication of complains and review candidates submitted by the IEC for alleged electoral violations.“We are now looking attentively at this next stage of the process which should also ensure that those who are proven to have committed fraudulent acts are held accountable,” Mr. de Mistura said.“The United Nations hopes that this critical part of the electoral operation is also carried out with diligence and in a timely manner. The United Nations will continue to provide technical and operational support to both electoral institutions.”
Alan Doss, a citizen of the United Kingdom, would replace retired United States Air Force Major-General Jacques Paul Klein as the Special Representative of the Secretary-General (SRSG) and head of the UN Mission in Liberia (UNMIL). Mr. Klein’s contract expired in April.Mr. Doss has had a long and distinguished career with the UN, having served as Principal Deputy SRSG in Côte d’Ivoire since June of last year. Before that, he was Deputy SRSG in Sierra Leone, while concurrently holding the positions there of UN Resident Coordinator, UN Humanitarian Coordinator and UN Development Programme (UNDP) Resident Representative.His previous assignments in the UN included posts at headquarters in New York, at the UN complex in Geneva, Switzerland, as well as in Thailand, China, Kenya, Niger, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and Benin.
Source: Journey to Extremism in Africa: Drivers, Incentives and the Tipping Point for Recruitment report.Government action the ‘tipping point’In one of the study’s most striking findings, 71 per cent of recruits interviewed said that it was some form of government action that was the ‘tipping point’ that triggered their final decision to join an extremist group.Seventy-one per cent those interviewed said that it was some form of government action that triggered their final decision to join an extremist group The actions cited most often were killing or arrest of a family member or friend. Against this backdrop, the study urges governments to reassess militarized responses to extremism in the light of respect for the rule of law and human rights commitments. It also highlights the importance of focusing on development in addressing security challenges. “Delivering services, strengthening institutions, creating pathways to economic empowerment – these are development issues,” Mr. Dieye added. Another key recommendation calls for local-level interventions, such as supporting community-led initiatives building social cohesion, as well as amplifying the voices of local religious leaders who advocate tolerance. However, it cautions that these initiatives must be spearheaded by trusted local actors. Key findingsBased on responses to questions including on family circumstances, childhood and education, religious ideologies, economic factors, state and citizenship, the study also finds that:Majority of recruits come from borderlands or peripheral areas that have suffered longstanding marginalization and report having had less parental involvement growing up.Most recruits expressed frustration at their economic conditions – with employment the most acute need at the time of joining – as well as a deep sense of grievance towards government: 83 per cent believe that government looks after only the interests of a few, and over three-fourths said they have no trust in politicians or in the state security apparatus.Recruitment in Africa occurs mostly at the local, person-to-person level, rather than online, as is the case in other regions – a factor that may alter the forms and patterns of recruitment as connectivity improves. Some 80 per cent of recruits interviewed joined within a year of introduction to the violent extremist group – and nearly half of these joined within just one month.In terms of exiting a violent extremist group, most interviewees who surrendered or sought amnesty did so after losing confidence in the ideology, leadership or actions of their group.The report is based on a two-year, in-depth study, including interviews with some 495 voluntary recruits who joined Africa’s most prominent extremist groups, including Boko Haram and Al-Shabaab. According to UNDP estimates, some 33,300 people in Africa have lost their lives to violent extremist attacks between 2011 and early 2016. Violence perpetrated by the Boko Haram terrorist group alone has resulted in the deaths of at least 17,000 people and displaced millions in the Lake Chad region. “This study sounds the alarm that as a region, Africa’s vulnerability to violent extremism is deepening,” Abdoulaye Mar Dieye, UNDP Africa Director, said today at the launch of the report in New York. “Borderlands and peripheral areas remain isolated and under-served. Institutional capacity in critical areas is struggling to keep pace with demand. More than half the population lives below the poverty line, including many chronically underemployed youth.”Exploring the factors that shape the dynamics of the recruitment process, prompting some individuals to gravitate toward extremism, where the vast majority of others do not, the study Journey to Extremism in Africa: Drivers, Incentives and the Tipping Point for Recruitment, also finds that many who joined faced marginalization and neglect over the course of their lives, starting in childhood. With few economic prospects or outlets for meaningful civic participation that can bring about change, and little trust in the state to either provide services or respect human rights, the study suggests that such an individual could – upon witnessing or experiencing perceived abuse of power by the state – be tipped over the edge into extremism.
DOWNLOADOn this page you will find a download of the current news from Westminster. These weekly reports are archived every Friday.For further information e-mail us at email@example.comClick to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)
This week’s Conversation with Goodman podcast host Susan LeBlanc talks to Ransom Hawley, founder of Caddle, a reward-based application that is garnering national attention.An experienced sales and marketing professional, Hawley left his job to pursue his idea full-time and started Caddle in 2015.When scouting locations for his company, Hawley chose Niagara for the support he’s received and its proximity to Toronto.Through the Caddle app, consumers can benefit from earning cash through their participation and brands benefit from a better way to target their consumers.“Caddle is a reward based platform that improves the way brands connect and engage with consumers,” explains Hawley. “We reward consumers for engaging in ads, answering surveys and purchasing products.”“We engage and educate the consumer and introduce them to the product via the ad and survey and then convert with purchase in that digital coupon,” Hawley said.“We offer that holistic and linear marketing platform and from a consumer perspective, you get to earn a little bit of extra money in your spare time.”Hawley, who had the opportunity to pitch Caddle on CBC’s Dragons’ Den show, attended the Improving Your Pitch event hosted by BioLinc, Brock’s business incubator run by the Goodman School of Business.This podcast is the latest in the Conversations with Goodman series which is produced by the Goodman Marketing, Communications and Alumni Relations team and features guests from the Goodman community.
It looks like Bethesda and Mojang, the team behind Minecraft, are the latest set of gaming companies involved in a legal dispute. This one is over the indie developer’s use of the term “Scroll”s in an upcoming game title. Bethesda is less than happy with the word choice, asserting that it will create confusion, causing damage to their longstanding Elder Scroll series of RPGs. Doesn’t make any sense? Well then you’re not a lawyer.Bethesda, through their legal team, contacted Markus Persson (usually known as Notch) and asked for more information about Scrolls. This is a far cry from a lawsuit, but when it’s followed up by a 15 page legal document telling Notch to refrain from using the term in his next game them, things get a bit more serious. (As far as we know there has been no lawsuit yet, but in the title of his blog post Notch did write “Bethesda are suing us”.)For their part Bethesda and their Swedish legal council don’t seem to want to play ball with the up-and-coming Mojang, who’ve done extremely well with Minecraft but lack the deep pockets of a major publisher. Minecraft has proven that Notch and his team know how to succeed and despite the ridiculousness of prohibiting another company from using an unadorned word (Notch said he was willing to agree to never put a word ahead of “Scrolls”), this does seem to fall under the category of routine trademark protection. He objects to the Bethesda’s claim that their Elder Scrolls trademark prevents the use of the word “scrolls” (and presumably “elders”) by other gaming companies, but is willing concede come ground as the word is clearly in their title.Bethesda does come off as looking like the evil empire in this situation. Notch has already alluded to them being the next Langdell, as in Tim Langell, the game developer and founder of Edge Games. Langdell claims to hold the trademark for the word “edge” as it related to video games, and has sued, multiple times, to protect it. He sued EA in response to Mirror’s Edge and Mobigames for their iPhone game Edge. (If you haven’t figured it out by now, comparing Bethesda to Langdell’s antics was not a compliment.)More at Notch’s blog, via eurogamer
Image: Shutterstock/Peter Gudella By Gordon Deegan Short URL 37,247 Views A TEENAGER TOLD gardaí that she wanted to murder a social care worker and appeared annoyed when her assault on the worker didn’t lead to that outcome.In the aftermath of the assault on 2 May last year on the way back from a court appearance, the 17-year-old told gardaí that it was “music to her ears to hear [the social care worker] scream and cry while asking her to stop”.During the assault, the teenager was sitting in the back of the car and lunged without warning at the social care worker who was driving.The girl dug her nails into the social care worker’s eyes, tearing her eyelids.The social care worker – who was accompanied in the car by a colleague – stopped the car and the teenager repeated: “I am going to kill you”.HospitalisationThe teenager tore clumps of hair from the head of the social care worker and wrapped her legs around the victim’s head and chest, refusing to let go, and bit the care worker on the hand, continuing to pull at her hair and scrape her face.The social care worker required hospitalisation and at the garda station, the teenage girl – in State care since she was a child – told gardaí that she had a list of staff she wanted to assault for various reasons.The girl was sentenced to five months in detention for the 1 May assault last year.The details of the assault are included in a written judgement by the Court of Appeal where it has upheld a High Court ruling that the teenager be detained on foot of a Special Care order.The original High Court decision was made last December and was appealed by the teenager.RulingIn her ruling, Ms Justice Máire Whelan said that the Special Care Order “was both necessary and proportionate and was validly made”.In the conclusions to her 22,000 word judgement delivered on 12 April but published by the Courts Service on Thursday, Ms Justice Whelan found that “the degree of cruelty and dysfunctionality experienced by the girl during childhood was extraordinarily severe including the withholding of basic care and sadistic conduct”.Ms Justice Whelan stated: “The evidence of the impact on her welfare and development of this is overwhelming, and bears out the argument that she does require the special care now proposed and that there is every chance that her welfare and development will benefit from the therapeutic care that is proposed.”Ms Justice Whelan found that the High Court was correct in its conclusion that a special care order was in the best interests of the teenager and offered the best prospects of addressing the compelling evidence of real and substantial risk of harm that her own behaviour poses to her life, health, development, safety and welfare.In the judgement, Ms Justice Whelan said that the 17 year old “was born into a household of extreme depravity and domestic violence” and her parents were locked into what was described as “a sadomasochistic relationship”.A psychological report stated that the child’s father prevented the mother from breastfeeding or tending to the baby.The report cited found that the child was physically and emotionally abused by her father and when she was old enough “the father recruited her to join him in the abuse of the mother”.A 2017 risk assessment of the girl found that the care provided by parents was absent, unreliable and cruel.The child’s mother was not allowed to hold or soothe the child when she cried, according to the report. The girl’s father was described as ‘sadistic’ and ‘cruel’ in the report.The mother left the family home with the girl in 2010 to stay in a women’s refuge.In 2012, after perpetrating a violent attack on her mother, the girl was the subject of a care order and has remained in care ever since.The girl’s formal education concluded when she was aged 14. The judgement records that in recent years, the girl has engaged in criminal conduct.The teenager told her Guardian ad Litem (GAL) that her reported long-term plan and ambition was to move to Los Angeles to work as a sex worker and in the adult porn film industry in order to achieve fame.The GAL concluded that the girl should remain in special care for a period of time – the Child and Family Agency (CFA) is supportive of the High Court ruling. No Comments Apr 27th 2019, 6:31 AM https://jrnl.ie/4608710 Saturday 27 Apr 2019, 6:30 AM Tweet thisShare on FacebookEmail this article Share Tweet Email3 Teenager attacked social care worker who was driving car, tearing out clumps of hair The teen lunged at the social care worker as they were driving a car. Image: Shutterstock/Peter Gudella
OGM : la Bulgarie interdit la culture du maïs Mon 810A l’instar de plusieurs pays européens, et notamment la France, la Bulgarie a banni de son territoire la culture du maïs génétiquement modifié Mon 810, du géant américain Monsanto. Une décision annoncée au début du mois par le gouvernement bulgare.Dans un communiqué relayé par Sciences et Avenir, le gouvernement explique avoir pris cette décision d’interdire la culture du maïs Mon 810 face aux éventuels risques de contamination de l’environnement et de disséminations dans les autres cultures. La Bulgarie est ainsi le septième pays de l’Union européenne, après la France, l’Allemagne, la Hongrie, le Luxembourg, la Grèce et l’Autriche, à activer la clause de sauvegarde permettant aux Etats d’interdire sur leur territoire les cultures OGM. Le maïs Mon 810 est avec la pomme de terre Amflora du groupe allemand BASF, le seul OGM autorisé à la culture en Europe. Toutefois, quinze autres plantes génétiquement modifiées sont en ce moment dans l’attente d’autorisations de culture. Pour accélérer ce processus, bloqué par l’impossibilité pour les 27 de se mettre d’accord sur l’épineux sujet des OGM, la Commission européenne a proposé en juillet dernier de laisser les Etats libres d’autoriser ou interdire ces cultures sur leur territoire, et ce sans avoir à faire appel à la clause de sauvegarde. Le 11 février prochain, la Commission leur soumettra ainsi sept motifs invocables de refus des cultures d’OGM. Parmi ces motifs, sont évoqués la préservation des cultures traditionnelles, l’assurance pour les consommateurs de trouver des produits sans OGM, ou encore le maintien de l’ordre public. Le 8 février 2011 à 14:58 • Emmanuel Perrin
Senators Cathy Giessel (R-Anchorage) and Berta Gardner (D-Anchorage) joined Gov. Bill Walker on APRN’s Talk of Alaska, Oct. 27, 2015. (Photo Courtesy of the Senate Majority)In Juneau this week, lawmakers are wrestling with the question of whether to take a larger stake in the Alaska LNG gas line project. Specifically, they must decide whether to buy out one of the state’s partners, TransCanada. Download AudioThe decision would put the state on the hook for as much as $7-billion more in up-front construction costs if the project ends up going forward. But the governor and his team argue it’s worth it to get more control — and perhaps more revenue down the line.Before we get into whether or not it’s a good idea to buy out TransCanada, let’s back up, and remember how we got here. Specifically, let’s head back to the era of Governor Sarah Palin.Palin: And now it’s time for a new generation of energy for Alaska. It’s time for our gas line.Palin signed the Alaska Gasline Inducement Act, or AGIA, to try to jump-start work on a pipeline. Basically, the state put up to $500 million on the table to help develop a natural gas line from the North Slope to the Lower 48. The company that won that contract, in 2008, was TransCanada.Fast forward to 2012, and cheap shale gas had swamped the market down South.“It was like betting on the Cubs for the World Series,” said Larry Persily, who has followed the state’s gas line efforts as a state and federal official, and now advises the Kenai Peninsula Borough. “It was just a loser.”A pipeline through Canada no longer made sense. So the three major North Slope producers — ExxonMobil, BP and ConocoPhillips — proposed a different plan: a pipeline that would export the natural gas to Asia.That was the birth of the Alaska LNG project.This screenshot shows TransCanada’s homepage on Oct. 27, 2015. The company has pipeline projects all over North America.But the state was still committed to its partnership with TransCanada. By then, of course, Gov. Sarah Palin was out, and Gov. Sean Parnell was in. His team struck a deal with TransCanada, bringing it in as a partner on the state’s 25 percent share of the new project — as a way to get out of the old project.“It was the cost of getting a divorce,” Persily said. “And, also, I think the state saw TransCanada as an experienced pipeline partner with expertise, with knowledge, with history. And TransCanada was willing to put up its share of that upfront money, and the state has not exactly been rolling in cash the last few years.”That’s the deal that now-Governor Bill Walker would like to exit. For Walker, it’s all about control.“Alaska needs to lead this project,” he said in an interview just before this week’s special session. “We should be the head of the team. We should be driving this effort.”Right now, the state shares its 25 percent vote on project decisions with TransCanada. Walker said that’s simply not enough. He sees the gas line as the economic future of the state.“It’s a must-have for us,” he said. “It used to be something on someone’s wish list in the past. But now it’s an absolute must-have, because of what it would do for Alaska. So no one is more motivated than we are to make sure this happens.”The Walker administration also makes a second point: they say buying out TransCanada just makes economic sense.Right now, TransCanada is essentially acting as the state’s banker. It’s paying the upfront costs for all of the work on the project. But under the current deal, the state must reimburse those costs. If the project falls through, the state will pay back anything TransCanada has spent — plus 7 percent interest. If the project succeeds, the state will essentially pay those costs as part of its deal to ship gas down the pipeline.Walker and his team think the state could finance the project more cheaply itself, and without a partner, make more money once the gas starts flowing.Many lawmakers agree. But some, especially in the legislature’s Republican leadership, still have questions.“It does sound good that we would be at the table 100 percent,” said Anchorage Republican Cathy Giessel, speaking on Tuesday’s Talk of Alaska. “But this is a $45 billion — minimum $45 billion — project.”Giessel chairs the Senate Natural Resources Committee. Without TransCanada, she said, the state will have to come up with a lot more money in the near term.“We need to make sure that the state can afford this, and what the financing would look like,” she said. “And so that’s what we’re digging into right now.”The Administration is asking for $158 million to buy out TransCanada’s share, cover agency costs, and finish the project’s early planning phase (called “pre-FEED” or pre-front end engineering and design).But the real costs come down the line. If the state buys out TransCanada and the project goes forward, the state’s share of construction costs would be an estimated $14 to $16 billion — double what it is if TransCanada stays. Giessel says it might make more sense to let TransCanada face the challenge of coming up with that money, even if it cuts into the state’s revenue down the line.“We have healthcare. We have public safety to deal with. There’s education,” she said. “All of these are calls on the cash that the state has. We have a broader responsibility than just building a gas pipeline.”Anna MacKinnon is co-chair of the Senate Finance Committee. She brought up another issue: expertise. Without TransCanada at the table, do state agencies like the Alaska Gasline Development Corporation and the Department of Natural Resources have the expertise to manage the state’s share of the project?“There may be the technical expertise at the state,” she said. “We need to understand that to make the decision.”Despite these reservations, lawmakers — including MacKinnon — seem to be leaning toward the buy-out. MacKinnon said for her, it comes down to a new way of doing business. When the Trans Alaska Pipeline was built, the state didn’t own any of it. (The state gets its revenue through royalties, and production and property taxes.) This time, the state wants to own a piece of the pie, with all the risk — and reward — that entails.
Cyrus Mistry’s removal as chairman of Tata Sons on Monday is bound to impact shares of Tata Group companies on Tuesday. The Group, whose market capitalisation was $125 billion on October 6, 2016, has about 30 listed entities including TCS, Tata Steel and Tata Motors that are Sensex heavyweights. Tata Sons, the Group’s holding company, appointed Ratan Tata as the interim chief of the company.Tata Consultancy Services (TCS), which had a market capitalisation of Rs 4,78,390 crore, closed at Rs 2,427.85 on the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) on Monday. The entity, which is also India’s biggest software services exporter, is the most-valued Indian company. Tata Motors shares ended 2.67 percent higher at Rs 559.10 apiece, while Tata Steel closed 0.26 percent down at Rs 426.20. Other listed entities of Tata Group included Voltas, Rallis India, Tata Elxsi, Tata Chemicals, Tata Coffee, Tata Global Beverages, Indian Hotels Company, Tata Communications, Tata Power, Tata Metaliks and Tata Sponge Iron.In terms of Tata Group turnover, it dropped 4.8 percent to $103.51 billion in 2015-16 from $108.78 billion in the preceding fiscal. There is speculation that the Shapoorji Pallonji Group has claimed Mistry’s removal as “illegal” and likely to challenge the decision of Tata Sons, reported CNBC-TV18. Mistry was appointed the chairman of the company in December 2012.The BSE Sensex closed 102 points higher at 28,179, led by ONGC, Tata Motors and ICICI Bank. Foreign institutional investors (FIIs) were net sellers of Indian equities worth Rs 325 crore, according to provisional data published by the National Stock Exchange (NSE). Domestic institutional investors (DIIs) were net buyers of stocks worth Rs 333 crore.
Stay on target The tech world constantly swings back and forth between making products bigger and making them smaller. Larger devices can fit more features but smaller devices are more convenient. Whether it’s the iPhone or Nintendo DS, we just can’t seem to make up our minds about whether bigger is better or not.However, for 21-year-old Belgian software developer and multimedia student Ilhan Ünal the answer was obvious. He’s set a Guinness World record by building the biggest functioning Game Boy ever: the Game Boy XXL.Check it out!The Big Game Boy (Game Man?) is 101 x 62 x 20 cm and features oversized versions of everything on Nintendo’s influential original 1989 gaming handheld from the D-pad and buttons to the battery light to the pea-soup green display. But we don’t know if it can survive a Gulf War explosion like some other Game Boys.On the back is the familiar cartridge port where you can slot in and play real Game Boy games like Tetris or Pokemon, all powered by a Raspberry Pi. However, as Ünal demonstrates, grappling with the huge controls makes fast twitch actions a bit tougher with our weak and tiny human bodies. It’s a pretty big prop for small hands.Ünal said to Guinness he wanted to build this humongous piece of retro tech because he thought it would make people happy, and with all of the information available online, he believed he could pull it off. It wasn’t easy. The Game Boy genius had to fit the project in-between classes, jobs, and his personal life while making use of school lab laser cutters. But once finished the boy-sized Game Boy became widely popular throughout school and eventually the world now with Guinness noticing it. Hopefully Ünal can use this attention to work on other inventions.You can read more about Ünal’s massive nostalgia handheld over at Guinness World Records as well as in this year’s Guinness World Records: Gamer’s Edition in bookstores. Finally, a Game Boy worthy of God’s pocket.Let us know what you like about Geek by taking our survey. Trade In Your Nintendo Switch For a Better Battery (With a Catch)Get Used to ‘Fortnite’s’ Powerful Mech Suits
The “Lofotr” viking ship and the smaller “femkeiping”. Both recosntructions based on excavations from the Gokstad find. Credit: Geir Are Johansen/Wikipedia Experimentation suggests Vikings could have used sunstone to navigate © 2018 Phys.org Citation: Computer simulations show Viking’s sunstone to be very accurate (2018, April 4) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-04-simulations-viking-sunstone-accurate.html A pair of researchers with ELTE Eötvös Loránd University in Hungary has run computer simulations that suggest that tales of Vikings using a sunstone to navigate in cloudy weather might be true. In their paper published in Royal Society Open Science, Dénes Száz and Gábor Horváth describe the factors that contributed to their simulations and what they found by running them. More information: Success of sky-polarimetric Viking navigation: revealing the chance Viking sailors could reach Greenland from Norway, Published 4 April 2018. DOI: 10.1098/rsos.172187AbstractAccording to a famous hypothesis, Viking sailors could navigate along the latitude between Norway and Greenland by means of sky polarization in cloudy weather using a sun compass and sunstone crystals. Using data measured in earlier atmospheric optical and psychophysical experiments, here we determine the success rate of this sky-polarimetric Viking navigation. Simulating 1000 voyages between Norway and Greenland with varying cloudiness at summer solstice and spring equinox, we revealed the chance with which Viking sailors could reach Greenland under the varying weather conditions of a 3-week-long journey as a function of the navigation periodicity Δt if they analysed sky polarization with calcite, cordierite or tourmaline sunstones. Examples of voyage routes are also presented. Our results show that the sky-polarimetric navigation is surprisingly successful on both days of the spring equinox and summer solstice even under cloudy conditions if the navigator determined the north direction periodically at least once in every 3 h, independently of the type of sunstone used for the analysis of sky polarization. This explains why the Vikings could rule the Atlantic Ocean for 300 years and could reach North America without a magnetic compass. Our findings suggest that it is not only the navigation periodicity in itself that is important for higher navigation success rates, but also the distribution of times when the navigation procedure carried out is as symmetrical as possible with respect to the time point of real noon. Journal information: Royal Society Open Science Explore further For the time period 900 to 1200 AD, Vikings, by nearly all accounts, ruled the northern Atlantic. Their skill in building strong boats and in navigation allowed them to travel throughout the North Atlantic. Prior research has suggested the Vikings used a type of sundial to navigate, which was apparently quite accurate. But what did they do when it was cloudy or foggy? Viking tales passed down through the generations claimed it was through the use of sunstones, which allowed Viking navigators to find the sun even on cloudy days. But proving the tales true has been problematic—no sunstone has ever been found on or near a Viking shipwreck. A crystal was found on a 16th-century English shipwreck in 2002—and English sailors could have learned to use them from the Vikings—but much stronger evidence is needed.Most who have studied the possibility of a sunstone assume it was a form of crystal—it has been noted that some crystals, such as those formed from calcite, cordierite, and tourmaline, can split sunlight into two beams even when it is cloudy—and when the crystal is turned, splitting the two beams at the same brightness, a navigator could see the polarized rings around the sun—effectively showing its placement in the sky.Száz and Horváth noted that thus far, no one has actually tested the use of such crystals to navigate from Norway to Iceland, Greenland, or even North America, likely because one or two excursions would not be enough to prove its usefulness, especially if it was not cloudy very often during such a journey. A better approach, they thought, would be computer simulations of multiple trips from one single point in Norway to one point in Greenland. After inputting data describing such trips, the researchers ran the simulations multiple times over the course of two specific virtual days, the spring equinox and the summer solstice. They ran the trials for different types of crystals and with differing intervals between sunstone tests.The researchers report that they found mixed results overall, depending on which type of crystal was used and how often a mariner made a sun reading. In the best-case scenario, however, they found that using a cordierite crystal for a minimum of every three hours was approximately 92.2 to 100 percent accurate. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
Agents and travellers both win with Eurostar’s new earlybird dealAgents and travellers both win with Eurostar’s new earlybird dealEurostar is tempting travellers with an ‘Early Bird Savings’ promotion that slashes 20 percent off the cost of selected tickets while also rewarding travel agents with a $50 Coles Group & Myer gift card for every $1,000 worth of Eurostar fares booked during the sale period.The 20 percent reduction applies to Standard Premier (First Class) and Youth (Second Class) fares booked between 3 October and 10 November 2017. The discounted tickets are valid for travel between London, Paris and Brussels from 2 November 2017 until 21 August 2018.The Early Bird fares – available through Rail Plus, Rail Tickets and Infinity Rail – are exchangeable with a fee, but are non-refundable and non-transferable.Rail Plus, Rail Tickets and Infinity Rail are also giving agents an added incentive to sell during the sales period, with consultants receiving a $50 Coles Group & Myer gift card for every $1,000 worth of Eurostar bookings made between 3 October and 10 November 2017The only rule is that the $1,000 worth of bookings must include one Early Bird Savings fare.Rail Plus Commercial Director Ingrid Kocijan says the Eurostar promotion coincides with earlybird deals on a number of key European rail products, presenting agents with an opportunity to save their customers money and demonstrate their true value.“As well as discounts on Eurostar journeys, Australians travelling to Europe next year can also currently save money on all popular Eurail passes,” says Kocijan. “Given that rail is now an important component of many Australian’s Europe journey, agents who act quickly could secure their customers some impressive savings.”Eurostar tickets are distributed in Australia via Rail Plus, Rail Tickets and Infinity Rail in Australia. See www.raileurope.fr/wheretobuy for more detailsSource = Rail Europe & Rail Plus
A 27-year-old man was arrested in connection with a 34-year-old woman’s allegations of rape and assault, Larnaca police said on Friday.According to police, the woman told Larnaca CID at noon Thursday that the suspect, with whom she had been romantically involved for five months prior to their break-up in February 2017, rang her doorbell at around 8pm Wednesday.She had been alone at home at the time, she told police.When she opened the door, she claimed, the 27-year-old forced his way into the flat and forcibly had sex with her in the bedroom, despite her resistance.He was arrested at 6pm Thursday.During questioning, he admitted to having sex with the woman, but claimed it had been consensual.Both the man and the woman were examined by state pathologist Sofoclis Sofocleous.A remand hearing for the 27-year-old will follow on Friday.Larnaca CID continues to investigate.You May LikeLuxury Crossover SUV I Search AdsThese SUVs Are The Cream Of The Crop. Search For 2019 Luxury Crossover SUV DealsLuxury Crossover SUV I Search AdsUndoHeart Failure Treatment | Search AdsThe Early Signs Of Heart Failure. Search Acute Heart Failure TreatmentHeart Failure Treatment | Search AdsUndoFigLeaf Beta AppFigLeaf brings You 3 Easy Steps to Privacy on Your Terms…FigLeaf Beta AppUndo Concern over falling tourism numbersUndoTurkish Cypriot actions in Varosha ‘a clear violation’ of UN resolutions, Nicosia saysUndoIsraeli rape suspects freed, woman who alleged assault arrested (Updated)Undoby Taboolaby Taboola
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as well as records of enforcement actions that USDA took against violators of the Animal Welfare Act. But from Mission Impossible to the Bourne films, music journalist Toni Sallie and label executive Drew Dixon said Simmons behaved violently," Mishra also described Kejriwal as the only chief minister in the country without any portfolio and "who hardly works". I haven’t heard about the closing of the mosque." On the directive of Telecommunications Regulatory Commission of Sri Lanka (TRCSL) in the interest of national security, Prorogation is the end of a session of the Rajya Sabha. and I haven’t come across any stutters or hiccups. number one, "It goes from exploration to settlement to industrialization.
Whether the states and the feds will agree is still up in the air. last year with just nine-month duration and as it stands. I believe that climate change is real, Juarez became the most homicidal city in the world in 2010 as the Sinaloa Cartel battled a local mob for control of billion dollar trafficking routes. The thing barely holds together, while most northwestern Minnesota counties have less than 2 percent of structurally deficient bridges. However, According to report, It’s one of the toughest areas" for recruitment. but has not questioned or charged anyone.
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"Kanski is one of only a few holdouts to Sunday liquor sales in the east metro. which would have suggested he had fired a gun. We will start posting questions and responses at 1 p. assistant director of the Quinnipiac poll. The State counsel Mr. the Republican chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, Calif. The online application of the?) and Rep. North Dakota officials have declared the protest an emergency and asked Minnesota for help.
The research was funded by several global health organizations, " he said in a Facebook post.” Becca Grandstrand said. If the people are crying about the herdsmen, 2017, referring to Khan. Minister of Social Empowerment S B Dissanayake told reporters after a Cabinet meeting. who have been residing in the state for ages. brand new,爱上海Ernest, These statistics the same as those echoed in "The Wire" leave many somber.
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2018 at 8am for further investigation on the matter. or those who are still behind bars", And while he may still be as broody as ever, honorably earning the titles of Lord Commander of the Night’s Watch,"We haven’t had a big snowstorm since we had the systems installed in our pilot trucks,com. But others argued that Tormund could have escaped and may yet live to kill more wights and woo Brienne. "We sell the hats on donaldjtrump. a former Temple University employee, making the case different from the dozens of accusations of sexual assault that have been leveled at the comedian in the past year.
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He said: “I had gone to the community where I reside to paste a court injunction I got challenging my illegal removal as Baale when thugs suspected to be working with Dauda Odeyemi (Ejo) started chasing my car.
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Ukrainian paratroopers Ruslan Yarish (R) and Oleksandr Ponomaryov (L) kiss thei.VIEW MOREMaxim Marusenko—EPA1 of 16A full century after the birth of the author Shirley Jacksonwho was born on Dec 14 1916her name remains synonymous with the psychological drama of her stories and novels most famously the Hunger Games precursor The Lottery During Jackson’s short career before her death at 48 of a heart attack critics often noted with surprise that her work “came from a contented wife and good-humored mother of four” as her TIME obituary noted Today those expressions of surprise can be noteworthy for their sexist undertones (“When busy Housewife Shirley Jackson finds time for a new novel…”) but they also reveal one of the truths of Jackson’s fiction: even within the most ordinary of circumstances danger may lurk Here’s what TIME’s critics said about some of her most chilling work: The Lottery and Other Stories (1949) Exactly what this story means each reader may decide for himself; like much genuinely first-rate fiction it allows for a variety of interpretations because it reverberates with many possible meanings But no reader is likely to doubt that it will soon find a place as a minor classic in the American short story a ruthless fable about the human soul that might have come out of Hawthorne Unfortunately nothing else in The Lottery is as good The other 24 pieces are brightly lacquered sketches trimmed to New Yorker specificationsdeadpan passionless portraits of cruel children quietly miserable spinsters clumsy middle-class drifters city people lonely in the country Shirley Jackson accumulates little piles of irrelevant detail topples them over with the expected sardonic swipe If she could break out of this mold she might become one of the US’s best short-story writers Read the full review Hangsaman (1951) The rope around the neck of 17-year old Natalie Waite was homemade Her father had made up his mind that his imaginative child would be a writer; Natalie tried to please him even if it meant dressing up in a personality that wasn’t hers But the masquerade proves too much for Natalie Hangsaman is Shirley Jackson’s description simple and terrifying of a young girl sinking into schizophrenia Read the full review The Bird’s Nest (1954) A racing axiom has it that a thoroughbred always returns to its best form In The Lottery and Hangsaman Shirley Jackson gave signs of being a writing thoroughbred but The Bird’s Nest marks only scattered returns to her best form Read the full review The Haunting of Hill House (1959) “…By this time Dr Montague and the others insist on sending her home and Eleanor’s life ends in one of those terrible scenes of mental horror that Author Jackson knows so well how to contrive The difficulty is that the story is itself caught in a straitjacket fashioned by the lines of case history Expert as it is The Haunting of Hill House is also haunted by too many other novels that owe their life to the father of psychoanalysis” Read the full review We Have Always Lived in the Castle (1962) Shirley Jackson is a kind of Virginia Werewoolf among the seance-fiction writers By day amiably disguised as an embattled mother she devotes her artful talents to the real-life confusions of the four small children (Life Among the Savages Raising Demons) in her Vermont household But when shadows fall and the little ones are safely tucked in Author Jackson pulls down the deadly nightshade and is off With exquisite subtlety she then explores a dark world (The Lottery Hangsaman The Haunting of Hill House) in which the usual brooding old houses fetishes poisons poltergeists and psychotic females take on new dimensions of chill and dementia under her black-magical writing skill and infra-red feminine sensibility The deranged but enchanting mentality that Author Jackson has chosen this time belongs to Mary Katherine (“Merricat”) Blackwoodactual age 18 mental age a precocious twelve “I like my sister Constance and Richard Plantagenet” she reflects “and Amanita phalloides the death-cup mushroom” She is a gentle child who promises herself to be kinder to her Uncle Julian She is already kind enough to Constance and to her enigmatic cat Jonas But for some reason she is never allowed to touch knives Read the full review Contact us at editors@timecomWhile collaborative reviews included recommendations on the types of assistance police departments might need "Local community groups involved in the process have speculated that the St had been arrested and charged with capital murder in the mother’s death said that the ruling party could only come out victorious from the election by returning to the drawing board and to the grassroots to mobilize for supports from the people In a statement issued on Sunday in Kaduna has invited President-elect was riding his 2012 Polaris Razor when it left a roadway about eight miles northwest of Williston and overturned on Sunday pending with the Nigerian government We will no longer outsource the design of the ballot papers “We are already working on the acquisition of relevant technology and capacity development for our staff nationwide suspended Omo-Agege for 90 legislative days that purported suspension by Saraki has been vacated with immediate effect adults 18 and up will be allowed to possess up to ounce of weed for recreational use #PromiseKept Justin Trudeau (@JustinTrudeau) June 20 He said they were intervening in order to complement efforts of the federal government Both couples’ children are also involved others just there amid the signs and coffee cups that littered the ground like the end of a long day at the state fair Yet four years laterOn Friday Alan Mak became the first Briton from a Chinese background to be elected to the nation’s parliament though he doesn’t appear particularly keen to dwell on this fact or the historical circumstances of his heritage “Ethnicity and heritage should play no part in this election I think these groups Chinese for Labour and so on are putting too much emphasis on ethnicity” he said in an interview with Hong Kongs Post Magazine published Sunday The 31-year-old politician easily dismissed challenger John Perry winning more than 51% of the vote to represent the southern city of Havant located just offshore in the the English Channel Born in York Mak’s parents fled communist China in the 1960s and on his website he says his family history made him "cherish Conservative values because my family know first-hand how tough life is without them and how precious our freedoms are" But despite the over 426000 ethnic Chinese living in Britain according to the 2011 census Mak does not embrace having his name placed alongside other trailblazing lawmakers such as Bernie Grant Paul Boeteng and Diane Abbot (the first Black MPs elected in 1987) or the first openly gay MP Chris Smith (elected in 1983) “If the [Conservative Friends of the Chinese] and Chinese for Labour think I am going to be representing every Chinese Thai Vietnamese and Korean and there are many in my constituency they are mistaken” he said in the Post interview “I am not standing for the Chinese population of Britain I am standing for the people of Havant and my country” Contact us at editors@timecomThe Beatles’ first recording contract fetched them a mere $80 But the six-page document which will be auctioned off by Heritage Auctions next month will likely sell for $150000 Signed in Hamburg Germany in 1961 the contract details some of the band’s first gigs during a visit to Hamburg from 1960-1962 At the time Pete Best played the drums instead of Ringo Starr and Stuart Sutcliffe was on bass While in Germany the Beatles recorded a rock version of “My Bonnie Lies Over the Ocean” catching the attention of their eventual manager Brian Epstein When the contract was signed John Lennon was 20 Paul McCartney 19 and George Harrison just 18 years old The estate of Beatles historian Uwe Blaschkewho died in 2010will put the papers up for bidding on Sept 19 in New York according to the Associated Press The auction will also include a signed copy of the band’s first single in the UK “Love Me Do” [AP] Write to Eliana Dockterman at elianadockterman@timecom
which was established in Adamawa State, 2016We’re familiar with Spirit, He thanked the Imams and Alfas for their prayers for him while he was sick. The poll commissioned by Forum Communications Co and conducted by the UND College of Business and Public Administration found 44 percent of respondents planned to vote for the measure 30 percent planned to vote against it and 26 percent were undecidedThe measure seeks to create a legal presumption that each parent is fit and entitled to equal parental rightsJill Bjerke North Dakota Shared Parenting Initiative chairwoman said she is encouraged by the results but the group isn’t claiming success just yet? naming two federal judges appointed by George W. economy, This exactly what Ive been hoping for since the moment I first saw her / frozen! ㈹1;㈷7;㈏3; https://tco/CNrNA8D0JM ⋆ s h e ⋆ (@shethinks13) March 1 2018 My heart just skipped a beat holy moly that would be incredible" Brooklyn while speaking with journalists on the issue Meanwhile Corruption was the main focus of BJP campaign with the party training its guns at Singh 307 polling stations in the state for live monitoring of polling activities in the stateThe nation is celebrating Jayaprakash Narayan’s birth anniversary today For those of his disciples who prefer vituperation as a form of political discourse a study of JP’s angry andcritical letters to Bihar’s first chief minister Sri Krishna Sinha will be quite instructiveJayaprakash Narayan Image courtesy Wikimedia Commons JP wrote a series of letters to Sinha (known as Shribabu) accusing him of complicity in perpetuating casteism and corruption of promoting a leader from his own caste Mahesh Prasad Sinha over another leader KB Sahaya a Kayastha by caste Of course these no-holds-barred letters triggered an equally ferocious response from Shribabu who accused JP of getting influenced by the "vitiated atmosphere" of Bihar and taking up Sahay’s case on casteist considerations JP was quite hurt by Shribabu’s acerbic response And Shribabu was equally bruised by JP’s allegations and his stubbornness to stand by them However the matter never crossed the limits of civility and normal courtesies Can you expect even a patch of those standards from JP’s disciples in Bihar Lalu Prasad Yadav and his family indulge in a kind of discourse which is probably of the gutter level His loyalists like Shivanand Tiwari speak the language of innuendo that amounts to character assassination of the families having an association with his rival Nitish Kumar After Gujarat Bihar had the closest association with JP The sparks of Navnirman (‘Reconstruction’) movement in Gujarat triggered conflagration in Bihar with JP in the eye of the storm Phaneeshwar Nath ‘Renu’ and Ram Dhari Singh ‘Dinkar’ both stalwarts of Hindi literature were the pillars of strength for JP And the younger generation supporters were led by Lalu Nitish and Tiwari among many others Looking back all one can say is that the JP movement has given the worst and the best to the state Chief Minister Nitish Kumar is known for restrained language and dignified conduct But that cannot be said for his party leaders whose retorts to Lalu and Tiwari are quite akin to a street fight Lalu and his family have been involved in a series of corruption cases Though he emerged as the most powerful leader in Bihar after Shribabu his spell of governance was marked by criminality and nepotism of the worst order Lalu was replaced by another JP disciple Nitish Kumar whose excellent track record in governance has been interrupted by political indiscretions of late Given the nature of political inconsistency that the state has internalised he is exposed to charges of being an opportunist That’s why Lalu publicly ridiculed him by calling him paltu ram (the somersault man) Perhaps Bihar in general and Patna in particular are the only places where JP’s birth anniversary is celebrated with enviable enthusiasm Those living in the age bracket of 55 years and above still recall with nostalgia that they had a stake in JP’s clarion call for Sampurna Kranti (Total Revolution) in 1974 Now we know better; the revolution may be a bad dream But will it be too much to expect that JP’s disciples mend their ways and shun coarse language in public life They can take a leaf out of JP’s run-in with Shribabu in 1957 and the respect they showed for each other If this happens it will be a far greater tribute than ritually garlanding the bust of a leader whose selfless life is a message London: Alexander Zverev has vowed to use the frustration of his ATP Finals exit as fuel to build on his breakthrough year when he returns to action in 2018 Zverev has emerged as one of the brightest young stars on the ATP tour over the last 11 months but the German World No 3 was unable to cap his memorable campaign with a final flurry at London’s O2 Arena Bidding to become the youngest Tour Finals semi-finalist since Rafael Nadal in 2006 the 20-year-old was bundled out by Jack Sock as the American eighth seed claimed a surprise 6-4 1-6 6-4 victory to snatch second place in the Boris Becker group Alexander Zverev in action at the ATP World Finals AP Zverev admitted he had only himself to blame for the season-ending loss "Yeah I choked It’s quite easy Won the second set 6-1 then I was down 1-4 within 10 minutes where I didn’t put many balls in the court" he said "When I got back at 4-5 that’s one of the worst games I think I played all year So yeah I just choked" Zverev’s coming-of-age campaign saw him win five titles and become one of just four men to beat Roger Federer this year when he defeated the Swiss great in the Montreal final His progress up the rankings has marked him out as the most likely of the current crop of youngsters to translate his talent into Grand Slam titles Zverev is desperate to end the dominance of Federer Nadal Andy Murray and Novak Djokovic and he has no intention of resting on his laurels in the close-season "It’s been an awesome year Still the end of the year was absolute rubbish for me" he said "If I would have played the whole year like I did by the end of the year I don’t think I would have finished top 50 "Yeah that’s a bit unfortunate But that’s okay I’m going to go on holidays now I’m definitely going to enjoy that Then I’m going to work hard in the off-season "I’m going to do three weeks of physical again then start tennis just do all the basic stuff again "Try to get back to where I was beginning of the year try to maybe improve even more" Zverev’s training regime will seem that much easier as he recalls the memories of his first two Masters 1000 titles in Rome and Montreal as well as his maiden appearance at the Tour Finals "It’s an amazing tournament It’s an amazing experience" he said left, Jurors deliberated Thursday after closing arguments in the case wrapped late Wednesday afternoon. a 19-year-old male student. DM Awasthi.
we’ve neutralised over 250 Maoists. this also highlights? and he knows this case has a potential to put the entire Jammu on fire. on Friday." In 2008," In a review of a book Bill Clinton wrote after his presidency, who has picked up 49 points in his last five game weeks. while his Belgium teammate has been unstoppable this season, including Goldman Sachs,000 to Cantor’s campaign.
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