Priest discusses free will and neuroscience

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first_imgOn Tuesday, a visiting priest and professor of philosophy gave the campus community an idea of how to connect the firing of cerebral synapses with the philosophical idea of free will. Fr. Peter Volek, a scholar from the Catholic University of Ružomberok in Slovakia, gave a talk titled “Free Will and Neuroscience” in Carole Sandner Hall. The lecture, sponsored by the Nanovic Institute for European Studies, centered on the topic of free will in relation to the psychology and biology of the human body. Volek said these sciences intersect to form a basis for an understanding of human freedom. “Biology meets with psychology on the level of philosophy,” Volek said. “Philosophy is very important for the study of free will.” Volek referenced a study done by the late Benjamin Libet that challenged the idea of free will. The study analyzed the brain’s physiological responses to external stimuli. In the study, Libet placed electrodes on the head of a research participant and asked her to stare at an image of a clock with hands that were constantly rotating at an abnormally fast pace, Volek said. Whenever the participant felt inclined to do so, she was supposed to press down on a button that recorded the exact time on the clock every time she hit it. This study revealed a pattern in the participant’s brain activity, Volek said.  “The brain began to prepare for movement before she felt like she wanted to move,” Volek said. “This is a problem for the assumption of free will.” However, Volek said other theories regarding free will and science support his argument that free will is not merely an illusion.  Within the fields of neurobiology, psychology and philosophy, different concepts and methods are used to study certain topics, Volek said. He said there are several possible strategies for determining the connections between these sciences.  Volek said he is a proponent of “ontological antireductionism.” He said this principle claims empirical sciences, such as physics, cannot fully explain all observable phenomena. Rather, many mental and physical occurrences, such as muscle movement, are a matter of volition and cannot be fully explained through hard science. “The descriptions for mental states cannot be reduced to the description for physical states,” Volek said. “By reducing the mental states to the physical, we cannot distinguish between a cause from voluntary action and a cause from electric action. The meaning of the subjective experience cannot be comprehended within a physical description.” Ultimately, Volek said free will does, in fact, exist within the realm of the human mind. He offered an example from the world of sports to support his stance.  At swim meets, the swimmers often dive into the water before the signal to start is released, Volek said. He said this exemplifies the nature of human freedom. “The unconscious activity of the brain cannot explain the start before the signal,” Volek said. “It is a free decision and choice.”  Contact Sarah McCarthy at smccart6@nd.edulast_img read more

RecSports worker receives national recognition

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first_imgThe National Intramural Recreational Sports Association (NIRSA) announced that RecSports student staffer and senior Jaclyn Paul received the 2015 NIRSA William N. Wasson Student Leadership & Academic Award on Tuesday evening.“The award is … the highest award that a student [involved in recreational programs] can receive,” RecSports director Mark Williams said. “The award recognizes students who are employed by recreational sports departments and display outstanding leadership, academic prowess, a superior work ethic and are involved in service to their community. This award recognizes the whole person — their mind, body and spirit — and Jaclyn Paul is the epitome of all of these qualities.”Paul said the award recognizes not only her work on behalf of Notre Dame RecSports but esteems the University’s entire program.“When I learned that I received this award, I was very honored,” Paul said. “I have been involved with RecSports almost my entire time here at Notre Dame, and I know first hand how hard everyone in the RecSports department works.“… My excitement in receiving the award is because it speaks to the entire RecSports department.”Williams said that this recognition is especially noteworthy because Paul is the first Notre Dame student to receive this award.“Jackie being the first from the University of Notre Dame to receive this NIRSA award will open the door to more of our students and staff in RecSports to be recognized for the outstanding work they do every day,” Williams said. “Nominating people for awards like this is a very sincere way to say thank you for what you do for Notre Dame and RecSports, and that we truly care about you and what you do for others.”According to RecSports assistant director David Brown, Paul is a sociology major with a 3.78 GPA and is the president of the Waterski Club, a starter for the women’s club soccer team and works as a desk attendant at the Rockne Memorial Gym.“More importantly, and what is missing from that list, is mention of Jackie’s personality and character,” Brown said. “Among her many truly outstanding attributes, what makes Jackie such a valuable member of our staff is her kindness and compassion. Students appreciate that they have an advocate who will do all that is possible to assist them.”Brown said Paul’s positive qualities are evident are practiced far beyond her on-campus commitments. Paul taught second grade homeschool and tutored mathematics in Komga, South Africa, as part of Notre Dame’s International Summer Service Learning Program in 2013, Brown said.“We are more than a little excited, not only because of the magnitude of the award and its impact on our RecSports program, but more so because of the character of the recipient,” Brown said. “On the day it was announced, the entire RecSports staff gathered in our conference room to congratulate Jackie and celebrate the occasion.”According to the NIRSA website, the award will be presented at the NIRSA Annual Conference and Recreational Sports Expo in Grapevine, Texas, on March 30-April 2.Tags: National Recreational Sports Association, NIRSA, NIRSA William N. Wasson Student Leadership & Academic Award, RecSports, Rockne Memorial Gymlast_img read more

Penske Truck Rental helps out with Union-Endicott meal deliveries

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first_imgAt Union-Endicott, Kashif Summers, the school community coordinator, knew he wanted to get involved. “When he mentioned he might need a helping hand one day, we donated a truck and a guy for the helping hour. So it’s just a way to give back, as well,” said Mass. The deliveries are helping to get the Penske name out into the community. The Union-Endicott School District is participating in the summer food service program. Summers started helping with the deliveries, getting the word out. “I’m a people person — I love the kids. They always ask about me. They’ll let you know I’m always involved with stuff that has to do with the community and the kids. It’s a great feeling to be able to come out and help. I just love to help people — that’s just my niche,” he said. For a list of pick-up locations, head to the district website by clicking here. Mass knew he had the resources to make a difference. Then his friend Dario Mass, who is a branch manager at Penske Truck Rental, asked how he could lend a hand. For the past few weeks, Mass and Summers have been loading up a Penske truck, making stops around town. “We usually knock on the door and walk away, continuing the social distancing and whatnot. This way, I’m able to still stay connected with the kids. I can still speak to them from a distance and still let them know I’m around, and they could reach out to me,” said Summers. ENDICOTT (WBNG) — When schools closed for the year, many districts still provided meals to students. Many even offered deliveries for those who could not make it to grab-and-go sites. But what really matters is helping the kids in the Southern Tier. “It helps with the values that I was brought up with, a helping hand, especially during this crazy time, it’s awesome to give back,” said Mass. “I thought that was great that a business would reach out and say, ‘Hey, let’s help out the kids, and the community, and whatnot,”‘ said Summers. “Maybe this will encourage other businesses to come out and help and show their support. And in return, the people in the community will show their support to the businesses,” said Summers.last_img read more

Youri Tielemans explains why he decided to join Leicester City from Monaco

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first_img Metro Sport ReporterThursday 31 Jan 2019 8:28 pmShare this article via facebookShare this article via twitterShare this article via messengerShare this with Share this article via emailShare this article via flipboardCopy link Skip Read More / Read More Top articles Coming Next Read More Manchester United captain Harry Maguire Youri Tielemans has completed a loan move to Leicester until the end of the season (Getty Images)Leicester City have completed the signing of Belgium international midfielder Youri Tielemans on loan from Monaco until the end of the season with Adrien Silva heading in the opposite direction.The 21-year-old started his career at Anderlecht before joining Monaco in 2017 but after 18-months with the struggling Ligue 1 club, he is on the move again to the Premier League.As part of the deal, 29-year-old Portugal international Adrien Silva has joined Monaco until the end of the season after being frozen out under Claude Puel at the King Power Stadium.Tielemans, who was part of the Belgium squad that finished third in the World Cup last summer, had also been linked with Tottenham and Arsenal prior to linking up with the Foxes.AdvertisementAdvertisementADVERTISEMENT Advertisement Comment Speaking to the club’s official website, Tielemans explained his decision, saying: ‘I’m really happy to be here and I’m excited to get started on Sunday – I think every kid dreams about playing in the Premier League.‘I didn’t know that much [about Leicester] before their championship win in 2016. Before that, I didn’t know too much about the Club. I knew recently there was some dramatic events, but I know the Club is really good inside.‘It’s a big family. Everybody is really kind and really good with me. I think it will be really good here.’ Video Settings Visit Advertiser website GO TO PAGE PLAY Read More SPONSORED Full Screen 1 min. story Read More Rio Ferdinand tells Ole Gunnar Solskjaer to drop struggling Skip Ad by Metro Youri Tielemans explains why he decided to join Leicester City from Monaco Advertisement Tielemans played in both of Belgium’s matches against England at the World Cup (Getty Images)Leicester’s signing of Tielemans is a coup considering he has long been considered one of Europe’s brightest young players since breaking into Anderlecht’s first-team at the age of 16.More: FootballRio Ferdinand urges Ole Gunnar Solskjaer to drop Manchester United starChelsea defender Fikayo Tomori reveals why he made U-turn over transfer deadline day moveMikel Arteta rates Thomas Partey’s chances of making his Arsenal debut vs Man CityTielemans was heavily involved for Monaco in the first half of the season, starting 20 Ligue 1 games and scoring five goals, however the signing of Cesc Fabregas from Chelsea has restricted his opportunities recently.On what he can bring to Puel’s squad, Tielemans said: ‘I think it’s (box-to-box) my best position, but I can play in every position in midfield,” he said. “Whenever the coach needs me, I can play in no.6, no.8 or no.10, but it’s true that I’m mostly a box-to-box player.‘I like to attack. I think as a midfielder it’s really dangerous when you have a midfielder coming from the second line and trying to shoot or get into the box. It’s always difficult to defend and I try to add this to me game. I think it will help the team.’Leicester are currently 11th in the Premier League table following Wednesday’s 1-1 draw against Liverpool at Anfield and host Manchester United on Sunday.More: Manchester United FCRio Ferdinand urges Ole Gunnar Solskjaer to drop Manchester United starNew Manchester United signing Facundo Pellistri responds to Edinson Cavani praiseEx-Man Utd coach blasts Ed Woodward for two key transfer errors About Connatix V67539 1/1last_img read more

Short line sales accelerate

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first_imgCanada’s two Class I railways are pushing ahead with line sales under the terms of the Canada Transport Act.Canadian National set off a major controversy on November 15 when it announced the sale of 1300 km in northern Manitoba to Colorado-based OmniTrax. The network comprises a main route from CN at The Pas to the port of Churchill on Hudson Bay, together with branches to Flin Flon, Lynn Lake and Thompson. The Council of Canada, which promotes national interests against US economic and cultural encroachment, claimed that ’allowing vital rail lines to fall into non-Canadian hands would be one more step in the Americanisation of Canada,’ and called on the federal government to halt the sale. CN President Paul Tellier said the OmniTrax bid was stronger from both operational and financial standpoints than two Canadian offers. The deal safeguards access to the line for VIA Rail passenger services.Early in November CN sold 55 km from Hawkesbury to L’Orignal and Glen Robertson to Ontario L’Orignal Railway Inc, a RailTex subsidiary. On December 1 CN handed over the 235 km Matapédia – Chandler line to Chemin de Fer Baie des Chaleurs, a subsidiary of Québec Railway Corp. VIA Rail Canada has a six-month agreement for its thrice-weekly Montreal – Gaspé Chaleur to use the line, pending negotiation of long-term access. Canadian Pacific announced on November 22 it was to lease 616 km of its grain branches in northern North Dakota to the Northern Plains Railroad from mid-January. NPR will operate local trains to an interchange with CP at Thief River Falls, Minnesota, and maintain the track, but CP will continue to provide wagons and retain responsibility for marketing. The same day CP offered for sale its 64 km Manitouwadge branch, which connects with CP about 50 km east of Marathon, Ontario. olast_img read more

Cricket News Virat Kohli shares picture with Anushka Sharma and gets trolled – Trolls, get a life

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first_imgNew Delhi: Virat Kohli’s Indian cricket team are trailing the three-match ODI series against Australia 0-1 after their 34-run loss in the Sydney ODI. The team heads to Adelaide in what is a must-win situation for the side. Prior to the match, Kohli shared a photo with Anushka Sharma and this has resulted in severe trolling from social media users. Many users pointed out that Kohli should be practising and some stated his recent ‘poor’ form, having been dismissed for 23 in the Test match and for 3 in the ODI at the Sydney Cricket Ground. Australia made 288/5 thanks to fifties from Peter Handscomb, Shaun Marsh and Usman Khawaja but it was Jason Behrendorff and Jhye Richardson who ripped out the top order to leave India reeling at 4/3 after four overs.Despite Rohit Sharma’s 22nd century and MS Dhoni’s 68th fifty, India lost the game and this has not gone down well with many users. Kohli shared the photo on his official Twitter handle and here is a sample of some of the Tweets which trolled the Indian cricket team captain. For all the Latest Sports News News, Cricket News News, Download News Nation Android and iOS Mobile Apps. The trolling of Virat Kohli for sharing a photo with Anushka Sharma shows that trolls have nothing better to do in life. Their trolling indicates the short term memory loss, having conveniently forgotten that Kohli’s Indian cricket team won a Test series in Australia, which is the first time any Asian nation has won a Test series Down Under. The trolls point out to Kohli’s ‘poor’ form. Many trolls have conveniently forgotten that Kohlil’s dismissal for 3 in the Sydney ODI was the first time in 22 innings that Kohli had fallen for a single digit score.Trolls pointed out to his dismissal in the Sydney Test match for 23 but they conveniently overlook the fact that Kohli managed to average 40 with a brilliant century on a tough wicket in Perth during the recently concluded series. Adelaide, which is the venue for the second ODI, has great memories for Kohli, who scored a century in his last ODI during the league game against Pakistan in the 2015 World Cup. last_img read more

COURTS Pee Wee football fixtures released

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first_imgACTION in the COURTS Guyana Inc.-sponsored Pee Wee football tournament commences tomorrow (Saturday) with sixteen games at the Banks DIH Thirst Park.In the opening game of round one this weekend, St Margaret’s will take on Clonbrook Primary while Winfer Gardens Primary take on Golden Grove.St Agnes and Grove will also clash on the day while South Ruimveldt play Mocha Primary at the same time on a different pitch.School of the Nations and Victoria Primary also have a match carded while St Ambrose Primary and Colacco Academy will clash as well.Smith Memorial will take on Den Amstel Primary while West Ruimveldt challenge Enterprise Primary. Stella Maris will go toe to toe with Mae’s and Tucville battle Soesdyke.Supply Primary are also in action as they take on Sophia, J.E. Burnham oppose Goed Fortuin Primary, St Angela’s meet Marian Academy, North Georgetown take on Redeemer, St Stephen’s play Timehri and St Pius oppose F.E. Pollard.Match-time is 10:00hrs with two matches being played simultaneously.last_img read more

Westhill volleyball turns back Marcellus in four sets

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first_imgThrough three sets, Skaneateles trailed, having won the second 25-19 but dropped the first set 25-18 and the third 25-21. Led by Maeve Canty, though, the visiting Lakers dominated the last two sets 25-15 and 25-10.Canty had 23 kills, 18 digs, three blocks, three assists and two aces. Emma Keady notched 32 assists, five kills and seven digs, while Emma Miller got 13 digs. Stella Zang had six kills and three blocks as Alex Csemez contributed nine digs.Skaneateles and Marcellus would both have matches against Jamesville-DeWitt, with the Mustangs facing the Red Rams last Monday and taking a 25-19, 20-25, 25-19, 25-20 defeat in four sets.Stahl had 11 assists and Jenna Mattison got 10 assists, Stahl adding five digs and four blocks. Anna Fern had eight kills as Webster notched 17 digs, just ahead of Finarty’s total of 15 digs.When Skaneateles met J-D on Friday, it lost 25-15, 25-19, 26-24 to the Red Rams, just its second defeat of the season. Canty still had eight kills and nine digs, with Keady adding nine assists and six digs.West Genesee had back-to-back matches early last week, starting Monday with a 25-21, 25-14, 25-13 sweep of Oswego that pulled the Wildcats to the .500 mark at 5-5.Anna Snyder had 23 assists, her passes often going to Mia Lamanna, who led WG with nine kills. Brynn Zajac got five kills and Isabella Allen added four kills as Mackenzie Winn got 11 digs, Allen nine digs and Zajac eight digs.Far more impressive, though, was the Wildcats’ 25-22, 25-13, 25-16 sweep over a Liverpool side it lost to earlier this season. Snyder, with 27 assists, and Winn, with eight digs, led the way as Phoebe Anderson earned seven kills. Lamanna, Allen and Zajac each got four kills.Then WG tumbled again in a 25-15, 25-18, 25-19 defeat to unbeaten Baldwinsville. Allen had six kills and eight digs, with Zajac contributing five kills and Snyder earning 14 assists. Winn added six digs.Bishop Ludden met Mexico last Monday night and won each of the first two sets 25-20. The Tigers took the third set 25-21, but the Gaelic Knights closed it out in the fourth set by that same 25-21 margin.Jasmine Cuffee had 11 kills, adding nine digs. Megan Virkler got nine kills and three blocks as Jayden Burney and Alexis Pietrowski had five kills apiece, Pietrowski adding 10 digs. Kate Ruddy picked up 25 assists, plus three aces and four digs.Ludden then clinched a sectional playoff berth with a win over Bishop Grimes, splitting the first two sets, but then routing the Cobras in the third and hanging on in the fourth to take it 25-14, 23-25, 25-9, 25-22.Ruddy, with her 27 assists, passed it to Virkler, who augmented her 12 kills with five aces. Burney got eight kills and four blocks.Ludden’s 25-20, 10-25, 25-23, 25-22 win Thursday over Living Word Academy featured Ruddy with 23 assists and 11 digs, Burney earning nine kills and Cuffee adding seven kills as Pietrowski had five kills. Ally Royal finished with seven digs and four aces.To complete a 4-0 week, Ludden swept Hamilton 25-19, 25-13, 25-14 on Friday, Cuffee getting nine kills and Burney earning seven blocks and eight kills as Ruddy distributed 18 assists and Royal had nine digs.Jordan-Elbridge routed Hannibal 25-7, 25-15, 25-19 last Tuesday, getting eight aces from Ranait McGuire to go with her six kills. Ashlee Eaton added five kills as Sarah Lane produced 12 assists, Eaton earning seven digs and Elizabeth Bartoszewski six digs.And in Thursday’s 25-13, 25-16, 25-15 win over Altmar-Parish-Williamstown, the Eagles saw Eaton produce 13 digs and three kills, with McGuire earning six kills and eight digs. Lane had nine assists. No one seemed able to keep the Westhill girls volleyball team from continuing its perfect run through all of its OHSL Liberty division challengers – though the Warriors finally did drop a set against a league foe.It came in last Thursday’s match against Marcellus, where the Warriors, after a 25-17 first set and 25-4 romp in the second, eased up – and the Mustangs won the third 25-21.Westhill then closed it out 25-20 in the fourth set to improve to 12-0 as Sara Galante got 18 kills and 10 digs, with Sarah Schwartz getting 33 assists and Giana Militi earning 27 digs. Kate Heinrich had nine kills and Morgan Richardson added five kills as, for Marcellus, Bronte Stahl earned seven kills and 10 assists, Jenna Mattison adding 12 assists. Elaine Grattan and Brooke Finarty had six kills apiece and Evelyn Webster got 13 digs.In last Tuesday’s 25-11, 25-9, 25-4 romp over Phoenix, the Warriors got seven aces apiece from Galante and Grace O’Connell  as Galante added seven kills and Heinrich five kills. Schwartz had 12 assists.One of the best matches of the week involved Skaneateles venturing to Cazenovia last Tuesday night and making two different comebacks to win this Lakers duel in five sets and improve to 12-1 overall. Share this:FacebookTwitterLinkedInRedditComment on this Story Tags: Bishop LuddenJ-EMarcellusskaneatelesvolleyballWest GeneseeWesthilllast_img read more

Giants at Dodgers: Friday game time, TV channels and starting pitchers

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first_imgGIANTS at DODGERSWhen: Friday, 7:10 p.m.Where: Dodger StadiumTV: SportsNet LA THE PITCHERSDODGERS LHP ALEX WOOD (11-1, 2.17 ERA)Vs. Giants: 1-2, 5.40 ERAAt Dodger Stadium: 12-3, 2.10 ERAHates to face: Brandon Crawford, 3 for 6 (.500), 1 double, 1 HR Loves to face: Gorkys Hernandez, 0 for 9, 1 KGIANTS LHP MATT MOORE (3-10, 5.82 ERA)Vs. Dodgers: 3-3, 5.54 ERAAt Dodger Stadium: 2-2, 6.86 ERAHates to face: Cody Bellinger, 2 for 4 (.500), 1 tripleLoves to face: Austin Barnes, 0 for 5, 1 KUPCOMINGSaturday: Giants (LHP Ty Blach, 6-6, 4.50 ERA) at Dodgers (LHP Rich Hill, 7-4, 3.48 ERA), 1:10 p.m., SNLA, Fox Sports 1Sunday: Giants (RHP Matt Cain, 3-9, 5.45 ERA) at Dodgers (LHP Hyun-Jin Ryu, 3-6, 4.17 ERA), 5 p.m., ESPN— Bill Plunkettcenter_img Newsroom GuidelinesNews TipsContact UsReport an Errorlast_img read more

Lamar Odom in early stages of physical therapy

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first_imgGolden State interim coach and former Lakers teammate Luke Walton planned to visit Odom on Sunday night in Las Vegas on the team’s scheduled day off. The Warriors played the Lakers on Saturday in a preseason game in Las Vegas. The Clippers’ Chris Paul, Blake Griffin and DeAndre Jordan visited Odom last Wednesday and Thursday after the team’s week-long trip in China. World Peace also thought of visiting. But he decided not to for multiple reasons. The Lakers have preseason games today at Staples Center and Thursday in Anaheim with practices in between games. World Peace does not feel comfortable skipping any of those sessions as he is on a non-guaranteed contract through training camp and wants to mentor the team. His brother, Daniel, also visited Las Vegas, but was told he could not see Odom. World Peace also feared his presence would come at the expense of Odom’s children.“The only Kardashian that needs to be there is Khloe,” World Peace said. “Not every Kardashian needs to be around. They need to keep it simple, so Lamar’s children can see him whenever they want to see him. They’re waiting in line to see their own father.” The conversations surrounding Lamar Odom have taken a swift departure. No longer do they contain dire predictions about Odom’s slim chances of survival. That seemed understandable, given the former Lakers and Clippers forward was rushed to a Las Vegas hospital last week after falling unconscious at a local brothel. Instead, Odom has shown enough steady improvement in recent days at Sunrise Hospital and Medical Center that he has started physical therapy, according to multiple sources familiar with the situation.Odom has not experienced any setbacks after breathing without the help of a ventilator in the past three days. He showing marked improvement with his breathing, vision and the ability to have simple conversations, sources said. Odom is slated to begin physical therapy that will show whether the 35-year-old former basketball player can walk, said sources familiar with Odom’s progression. But it remains unclear how well he can navigate that challenge. Odom has experienced frequent fatigue and has received constant treatment on his lungs and kidneys, sources said. Odom could also have serious brain damage considering a 911 call released last Wednesday reported Odom took cocaine and 10 doses of a sexual performance enhancer over three days.That left Lakers forward Metta World Peace feeling optimistic about Odom’s recovery. But World Peace told Los Angeles News Group that he has become upset regarding something else about Odom, who grew up with the former Ron Artest in the New York City area.World Peace has publicly praised Kobe Bryant and Lakers general manager Mitch Kupchak for visiting Odom following last Tuesday’s exhibition in Las Vegas. But World Peace argued the subsequent celebrity visitations have come at the expense of Odom’s children spending time with him, including his 17-year-old daughter Destiny, and 13-year-old son Lamar Jr.“This is nothing against Khloe [Kardhasian]” World Peace said, referring to the reality television star and Odom’s estranged wife. “This is for the celebrities that are coming to see Lamar. They should know they’re taking time away from Lamar’s children.”center_img Newsroom GuidelinesNews TipsContact UsReport an Errorlast_img read more