History of Philippines’ Taal volcano eruptions since 1572


first_imgHere’s a timeline of Taal Volcano eruptions, according to Phivolcs. January 31, 1968; October 29, 1969 – The only Strombolian eruptions of Taal Volcano were recorded on these dates, which both happened at the Mt Tabaro crater. Lava flow and fountaining happened in both incidents. August 11, 1749 – The main crater had a phreatomagmatic eruption and was recorded as “very violent” by Phivolcs. It affected residents of Taal Volcano Island and lakeshore towns of Taal, Sala, and Tanauan. In phreatic eruptions, only preexisting solid rock fragments are ejected. In contrast, phreatomagmatic eruptions shoot out magma. September 3, 1970; September 3, 1976; October 3, 1977 – The last 3 eruptions that occurred before the 2020 explosion. These eruptions were similar in nature – they all took place at the Mt Tabaro crater and were all phreatic. January 27 to February 10, 1911 – A phreatic and “very violent” eruption occurred at the main crater, causing rock particles and fragments to fall and shoot out of the volcano. Phivolcs recorded 1,335 casualties in this incident. 1709, 1729 – Separate eruptions occurred at its Binintiang Munti crater. The 1709 incident was classified as phreatomagmatic. There were also 25 to 80-centimeter thick deposit of ashfall, acid rain, shock waves, and cracking and sinking of land. PHOTO COURTESY OF ARDEN PIMENTEL 1707 – Taal Volcano erupted at its Binintiang Malaki crater or its largest flank cone that’s visible from Tagaytay City. It is said that the Binintiang Malaki was formed during this eruption. It was classified as phreatic, and shock waves were also reported. Another eruption occurred in the area in 1715. July 5, 1966; August 16, 1967 – Separate phreatomagmatic eruptions occurred again at the Mt Tabaro crater. Both incidents caused rock particles to fall from the volcano and shoot out in projectile motion. September 28 to 30, 1965 – Taal Volcano erupted at Mt Tabaro, leaving 200 casualties, according to Phivolcs. The eruption was phreatomagmatic and violent, characterized by falling of rock fragments, ashfall with 25-centimeter thick deposit, and acid rain. September 21, 1716 – An underwater, phreatomagmatic eruption occurred at Calauit, which is located at the eastern shore of the Taal Volcano island.center_img 1790, 1808, 1825, 1842, 1873, 1874, 1878, 1903, 1904 – Separate eruptions occurred at the main crater. The 1808 and 1874 eruptions were classified as phreatomagmatic, while the 1878 and 1904 were phreatic. Located in Batangas, a province 60 kilometers south of Manila, Taal Volcano and the area around it have become one of the most frequented vacation spots in Southern Luzon. Although it is classified as an active volcano, it hasn’t erupted in 43 years or since 1977. This incident is considered Taal Volcano’s biggest eruption yet and lasted almost 7 months. It buried 4 towns in Batangas under ash, volcanic rocks, and water. Ashfall registering 100 to 110-centimeter deposits was reported, as well as shock waves and acid rain. May 15 to December 5, 1754 – A phreatomagmatic/plinian eruption took place, characterized by a “very violent” explosion accompanied by falling and ejection of rock particles. A plinian eruption is characterized by continuous gas blasts and explosive ejection of viscous lava. 1591, 1605 to 1611, 1634, 1635, 1641, 1645 – Separate eruptions occurred in these periods at the main crater. In 1591 and 1641, the eruptions were classified as phreatic. Tephra or rock particles and fragments were also visible in the 1641 incident. The eruptions were not all similar. Most of them were caused by the interaction of magma and water (phreatic and phreatomagmatic). Others were caused by the rising of bubbles formed by the fusion of gas inside the volcano (strombolian). MANILA – Taal Volcano is one of the 24 active volcanoes listed by the Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (Phivolcs). It is also one of the world’s lowest and deadliest volcanoes. The volcano consists of multiple stratovolcanoes and craters. Since 1572, it has recorded 34 eruptions. 1731 – An underwater eruption happened in Pira-Piraso, or the eastern tip of the island. This was classified as phreatomagmatic. Flowing mixture of gas and ejected rock fragments were reported, as well as falling of rock particles. 1572 – A phreatomagmatic eruption occurred at the main crater of the volcano. Taal Volcano hasn’t erupted since 1977, as confirmed by Renato Solidum, Department of Science and Technology undersecretary for disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation. However, there had been volcanic unrest recorded in 2011, 2012, and 2014. (Rappler.com)last_img read more

C-USA playing this fall like the P5 leagues in same region


first_img Written By WATCH US LIVE Conference USA has schools stretching over 10 states, from Texas eastward and then toward the north. The 14-team league is within the footprint of the SEC, Big 12 and ACC.Like those Power Five leagues that play in the same region, C-USA is planning to be on the field this fall.Still, things got shaken up even after C-USA decided to keep its original eight-game league schedule intact, and allow schools to play up to four non-conference games as normal.Old Dominion decided last month to not play fall sports amid COVID-19, costing a conference game for every C-USA team in the East Division and two in the West. There were also many games lost with the remaining Power Five conferences (Big Ten, Pac-12) and two Group of Five leagues (MAC, Mountain West) opting to shelve football this fall.C-USA favorite UAB’s season-opening home game Thursday night will be played only about two weeks after being scheduled. Central Arkansas, an FCS team playing a non-conference schedule even after the Southland Conference postponed all its league games this fall, won the first college game played in this pandemic-altered season over the weekend.“With everything going on, you never really know if it could be your last game, or if you could miss a few games, especially with COVID-19 and everything else going on in the world,” UAB senior left tackle Colby Ragland said. “It is easy to lose focus of being on the football team and the goal of going out there and winning a championship. Our coaches do a great job of letting us know what they know about what is going on.”The Blazers were supposed to open against New Mexico State, which postponed it season. The Blazers secured the UCA matchup with stipulations of paying for the hotel and pregame virus testing for the visitors.”It was what it took to get the deal done,” UAB coach Bill Clark said. “We said we were going to do what it takes to get a game.”Rice is playing only its eight conference games, and won’t open until Oct. 3. FIU also has only an eight-game schedule set, without ODU but with a non-conference game at Liberty. Only Southern Miss, UTSA and UTEP have filled out full 12-game schedules.THE FAVORITESEast Division: WKU lost to UCA in coach Tyson Helton’s debut last season, but went 9-3 the rest of the way. The Hilltoppers finished with a four-game winning streak that included a 45-19 win at SEC team Arkansas and the First Responder Bowl over Western Michigan. FAU has won two of the last three C-USA titles, and Marshall was the only team last year to beat the Owls in league play. But neither FAU or Marshall have returning starting quarterbacks as expected.West Division: Two-time defending division champ UAB has won 28 games overall since 2017, the most among C-USA teams since the program’s return from a two-year hiatus. Clark has nine returning starters on offense, and nine more on defense.TOP PLAYERS— Marshall junior running back Brenden Knox was the C-USA offensive player of the year last season when he ran for 1,387 yards and 11 touchdowns. He has 10 100-yard rushing games in his two seasons with the Thundering Herd.— WKU senior linebacker DeAngelo Malone is the reigning C-USA defensive player of the year. He had 99 tackles, 11 1/2 sacks and 21 tackles for loss last season.— UAB senior running back Spencer Brown missed four games with an ankle injury last season, but his 3,122 career yards rushing, is second among active FBS players behind Clemson’s Travis Etienne (4,038 yards).— Third-year Southern Miss starting quarterback Jack Abraham threw for 3,496 yards and 19 touchdowns last season, including two 400-yard games, though he needs to cut down on interceptions (15).— Justin Henderson, Louisiana Tech’s senior running back, ran for 1,062 yards and a league-best 15 TDs last season.NOT AS POWERFULWith all the changes by other leagues, including limitations on non-conference games, C-USA has only five games against Power Five opponents (UAB at Miami, Louisiana Tech at Baylor, UTEP at Texas, WKU at Louisville, and Charlotte at North Carolina). That is down from 20 last year, when six C-USA teams had multiple power league opponents.Image credits: AP COMMENT Last Updated: 2nd September, 2020 08:38 IST C-USA Playing This Fall Like The P5 Leagues In Same Region Conference USA has schools stretching over 10 states, from Texas eastward and then toward the north. The 14-team league is within the footprint of the SEC, Big 12 and ACC First Published: 2nd September, 2020 08:38 ISTcenter_img SUBSCRIBE TO US LIVE TV Associated Press Television News FOLLOW USlast_img read more

US group wants slain St. Lucian Botham Jean named a national…


first_imgA Brooklyn, New York-based group is urging the Prime Minister of St. Lucia  Allen Chastanet to name slain St. Lucian national Botham Shem Jean a national hero.Jean, 26, was killed by white female police officer Amber Guyger in his home in Dallas, Texas on September 6.Symbol for justiceIn a letter to Chastanet, the Caribbean Guyana Institute for Democracy (CGID) said –  “Botham is a hero who was killed senselessly by a coward with no value for the lives of different human being. He will forever be a symbol in America for justice against police violence, and for equality, human rights and dignity,” the letter says. “He, therefore, deserves a place in the pantheon of St. Lucian and Caribbean icons. Consequently, CGID strongly urges, Honorable Prime Minister, that your government and the Parliament of St. Lucia, to name Botham Shem Jean a national hero of St. Lucia.”  Four days later,  Caribbean community leaders and members of the clergy in New York demanded justice for Jean, the Dallas police chief fired Guyger.Police officer terminated “Dallas Police Chief U. Reneé Hall terminated Police Officer Amber Guyger, #10702, during a hearing held September 24, 2018,” said the Dallas Police Department in a tweet. “An Internal Affairs investigation concluded that on September 9, 2018, Officer Guyger, #10702, engaged in adverse conduct when she was arrested for manslaughter,” it added. Guyger was charged with manslaughter after turning herself in to the Texas Rangers. In its letter to Chastanet, signed by CGID president, Guyanese-born Rickford Burke, CGID said the organization “became convinced that Botham was a victim of the epidemic of white law enforcement officers killing innocent blacks.” It says, “Prima facie evidence established that officer Guyger was negligent, reckless and demonstrated depraved indifference to human life; resulting in Botham’s murder.” “Decency and success characterized Botham’s life,” CGID writes, stating that he was “the top student of his high school, earning the Spirit of St. Lucia Academic Award.”Jean attended the Sir Arthur Lewis Community College, in Castries, before migrating to the US in 2011 to study accounting and management information systems at Harding University in Searcy, Arkansas.  After a brief internship, and graduation from college, CGID says Jean accepted a permanent job in the Dallas office of Auditing Firm, Price Waterhouse Coopers in 2015. At the time of his death, he was a risk assurance associate at Price Waterhouse Coopers.last_img read more

Weekend wrap-up of Iowa Caucus campaign activity


first_imgA procession of presidential candidates cruised through the state this weekend.Massachusetts Senator Elizabeth Warren drew a massive crowd Saturday on The Des Moines Register’s Political Soapbox at the Fair and she started by reciting the three words at the core of her candidacy.“Big structural change,” Warren said, to cheers. “Yeah, give it to me again. Do you like big structural change?” The crowd cheered louder in response. Next up: New Jersey Senator Cory Booker. The crowd chanted, “Cory, Cory,” as he took the stage and Booker chanted his reply: “Thank you, thank you.” Booker emphasized a unity theme.“This is a moral moment in America…There are forces every day trying to tear our country apart along racial lines or along partisan lines,” Booker said. “…I’m running for president of the United States because I believe in us.” Seven other candidates spoke at the Fair Saturday. A handful more were there Sunday, including former Massachusetts Governor Bill Weld, a Republican who is challenging President Trump.“The Republican in Name Only because he’s not a fiscal conservative,” Weld said. “…He doesn’t believe in free trade.” Also this weekend, most of the Democratic presidential candidates addressed advocates from around the country who gathered in Des Moines for what was called a “gun sense forum.” Former New York City Mayor Mike Bloomberg pledged to dip into his fortune to back like-minded candidates up and down the ticket. “In 2020, we’re going to show just how strong our movement has grown,” Bloomberg said.Kamala Harris is the only candidate who’s still campaigning in the state today (Monday). This weekend, Harris was endorsed by former Iowa Democratic Party chairwoman Sue Dvorsky and her husband, Bob, a former state senator. Sue Dvorsky has worked with Democratic activists throughout the state for decades and was an early backer of Barack Obama in 2007.last_img read more

New: Update on re-opening driving ranges and club fitting


first_imgDriving rangesThe UK Government have issued guidelines for providers of outdoor facilities on the phased return of sport and recreation in England. These guidelines specifically mention the re-opening of outdoor sports facilities. Driving ranges have been constructed in a variety of different ways, with varying features of indoor and outdoor facilities, making it impossible to provide a blanket response as to whether they can or cannot open.In addition, driving ranges contain a number of hard surfaces and remain a high risk area for the spread of COVID-19. Because of this risk and the variable nature of their construction, we are not able to confirm if driving ranges are allowed to open.If you are considering opening your driving range, you should carry out a comprehensive risk assessment considering current government advice.Full details of the guidance for providers of outdoor facilities on the phased return of sport and recreation can be found here.If you have any doubts around operating a club fitting service at your facility or opening a driving range, we recommend getting in touch with your local Environmental Health and Trading Standards office who will be able to provide further advice. Last week we were able to provide clarification and guidance around coaching and retail following the re-opening of golf. We are now able to provide further information relating to club fitting and driving ranges in England.We are advised that the UK Government are unlikely to provide specific guidance on club fitting and driving ranges. We have therefore considered all available government advice and have reached the following conclusions. Club FittingLike coaching, it is advised that club fitting can commence outside. However you must be able to complete the entirety of the activity under social distancing and infection control measures.  Once again, it is recommended that PGA professionals complete a comprehensive risk assessment to ensure maximum safety.When considering whether to custom fit golf clubs at your facility, the following points need to be followed:Carry out a comprehensive risk assessment considering current government advice.All club fitting should take place outdoors and social distancing must be adhered to.Consideration needs to be given to the strict hygiene measures relating to the sharing of equipment **The following organisations have come together to provide direction for golf in the UK during the COVID-19 crisis: The Belfry; the British and International Golf Greenkeepers Association; the British Golf Industry Association; England Golf; the Golf Club Managers’ Association; Golf Ireland; the Golfing Union of Ireland; the Irish Ladies’ Golf Union; IMG; The Professional Golfers’ Association; PING; The R&A; Scottish Golf; Syngenta; the UK Golf Federation; Wales Golf. 19 May 2020 New: Update on re-opening driving ranges and club fitting last_img read more